Конспект урока «Good health is above wealth» по английскому языку

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Разработка урока №1 по теме: «Good health is above wealth»

для 8-9 классов работающих по УМК под редакцией:

О.В. Афанасьевой, И. В. Михеевой, К. И.Кауфман



Образовательные цели: - активизировать употребление лексики по теме « Хорошее здоровье лучше

всякого богатства» в серии речевых и языковых упражнений;

- формировать навыки учащихся в чтении текстов с различной стратегией;

обеспечить тестовую подготовку к ЕГЭ.

Развивающие цели: -развитие языковых и познавательных способностей, ценностных ориентаций,

способности к догадке, сравнению и сопоставлению;

-развивать навыки устной речи, адекватные ситуации общения.

Воспитательные цели: -повышение мотивации к изучению иностранного языка;

- воспитывать здоровый образ жизни и культуру питания.


Ход урока.

1.Оргмомент

T. – How are you?

- How are you getting on?

- How are things with you?

P - No complains/ I don’t complain/ I’m doing my usual way/ Nothing to boast of/ I’m fine,thanks/

No problems.

T. – What is the weather like today?

P1 -It’s snowy, cold, frosty, the temperature is below zero.

T. –Is it going to snow?

P2 -On the contrary. The weather is going to be sunny and bright.

2. Фонетическая зарядка.

T. –The theme of our lesson is “Good health is above wealth”. Let’s do phonetic exercise.

[æ] –low fat food, high fat food, to have a snack, bad habits, a calorie-controlled diet, balanced, regularity.

[I: ] – obese, obesity, to skip meals, self-esteem, convenience food, protein, sour-cream, skipping meals

[ θ ] – bad breath, health, healthy habits, healthy eating, health-conscious.

[ ] – soda, low, promote, promote one’s health, overeating, overweight.

[ i ] – physical activity, fitness, to keep fit, slim, slimmer, slimming.

[ ] – full, to feel full.

[ e ] – anorexia, anorexic, excess, excess weight, excessive diet.

[ αi ] – diet, to diet, dieting, strict diet, moderate diet, to be on a diet, keep a diet, follow a diet, healthy diet.


3. T.- According to the theme of the lesson we’ll speak about healthy way of life and nutrition. What proverbs about health do you know? If you don’t know then let’s get acquainted with some of them.

Match the English equivalents and their Russian ones:

1.An apple a day keeps the doctor away. A)Веселое сердце – это хорошее лекарство.

2.What can’t be cured, must be endured. B) В здоровом теле здоровый дух.

3.Many doctors have killed the king. C)Одно яблоко в день избавляет от врача.

4.A merry heart is a good medicine. D)Что нельзя вылечить, то надо перетерпеть.

5.A sound mind in a sound body. E) У семи нянек дитя без глазу.

(в зависимости от уровня подготовки учащихся, можно попросить их объяснить одну из пословиц.)

e.g. «A sound mind in a sound body» - if you are in good health, nothing disturbs you, then you are cheerful and happy, active and full of energy, eager to participate in any type of activities.


4.Активизация тематической лексики.

1) Fill in the word web. (для облегчения можно привести перечень слов).

1.fatty

2.strict

3.healthy

4.delicious

Diet 5.lose

6.vegetarian

7.calori-controlled

Calories 8.fried

9.count

10.restaurant

11.fast

12.unhealthy

13.watch

Food 14.control

15.eat

16.moderate

17.convenience

18.consume

Weight 19.disgusting

20.cut down

21.burn

22.gain

2) Find the odd word out.

- Balanced, healthy, casual, strict, vegetarian -DIET

- To count, to burn, to eat, to diet -CALORIES

- Healthy, excess, exciting, unhealthy -LIFESTYLE

- Physical, every day, calories, morning -ACTIVITIES

- Slow, fast, vegetarian, disgusting, delicious,restaurant –FOOD


5.Подготовка учащихся к чтению текстов с извлечением основной идеи.

T.- Look through the text and underline the words and phrases in it, proving the main idea.

Text The main idea


I’m getting confused. I don’t know if I should

Be a veggie or not. I really want to but just vegetarian

Thinking about having chickens on a Sunday

night makes me think I would be tempted it might be tempted not to eat meat = it

to eat meat. My dad said that I’m not old enough might be difficult to be a vegetarian.

to make my own choices but I still want a second I want to try to be a vegetarian.

opinion . It’s a big decision for me – what should

I do? It’s hard to decide = It’s a problem.


6. Reading for the main idea (понимание основного содержания текста )

Choose the most suitable heading from the list A - I for each art of the article. There is one extra heading

which you don’t need to use. There is an example of the beginning (0).

A.Not a short term process

B.To lengthen your life, lessen your meal

C.Keep yourself motivated

D.Health risks of extra weight

E.The importance of proper nutrition

F.Get professional help

G.A healthy eating plan

H.Health benefits of exercise

I.Step by step

0

H


People should never forget that regular physical activity is important for their overall health and well-being. Exercise

helps you build strength and fitness, decreases your risk of heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, and high blood

pressure, aids weight loss, improves sleep and reduces stress.


1.



It’s not a secret that many people give up after they exercise for a few days. The reason is that they think they can lose large amounts of weight in a short period of time. And when they don’t, they feel disappointed. That’s why you shouldn’t set short term goals and have unrealistic expectations. If you want to lose 25 pounds, promise yourself that you will lose about a pound a week.


2.


For some people it is especially difficult to start. Begin with a little exercise. Then add some more and more until it becomes a habit. Try to be active for 30-60 minutes on most days. Such activities as walking your dog, working in your garden, taking the stairs instead of the elevator, or riding you’re your bike are useful as well.


3.


If you have an opportunity, hire a personal trainer. He will be able to help you design an exercise plan with the right combination of cardiovascular exercise and resistance training. And a good exercise plan will help you achieve better results and improve in strength and fitness. You can also ask your trainer to design a nutrition program that matches your activity level.


4.


Exercise and proper food intake go hand in hand. The food choices you make every day affect your health as well as physical activity. You should choose healthy, balanced and well apportioned meals. Remember that the maintenance of a healthy diet is a habit which must be adopted for the whole of the life.


5.


If you want to be healthy, eat more fruits and vegetables, nuts, whole grains, calcium-rich foods, lean meat, poultry fish, bins, peas. Avoid food that is rich in cholesterol, added sugars, salt, saturated fats and trans fats. Drink low-fat or fat-free milk. Choose foods packed with vitamins, minerals, fiber, but low in calories. Avoid alcohol, or at least be moderate.


6.


Unfortunately today many people are overweight or obese. It is rather dangerous to their health because carrying extra weight puts them at risk for developing many diseases, including diabetes, heart disease and cancer. So lowering your weight is important to prevent these diseases.


7.


If you want to lose your weight, you should take into account both the kinds and the amount of food you eat. The average intake calories depends on many factors: your sex, age, weight, height, activity level, etc. Count the calories you take in as food and the calories you expend every day. Eat a little less than what you can easily consume and avoid fast, fried and fatty food.

Keys: 1.A; 2.I; 3.F; 4.E; 5.G; 6.D; 7.B;


7.Заключение (Conclusion )

Today we’ve learnt a lot how to be healthy and kip fit. Now think and tell what would you advise people to keep, avoid, follow, cut down, design, take in, count and choose. Make up a list of tips to follow in order to lengthen our life.

8.Объяснение домашнего задания: чтение текста” What does a healthy way of life mean? How do you look after your health?


« What does a healthy way of life mean? How do you look after your health?


People nowadays are more health-conscious than they used to be. They understand that good health is above wealth.

To be healthy we should avoid different bad habits that can affect our health. In my opinion, smoking and drinking too much alcohol are the worst ones. It’s common knowledge that smoking and drinking can shorten our lives dramatically. Smoking, for example, causes a number of heart and lung diseases, such as pneumonia, emphysema and cancer. Besides, it makes your teeth yellow and skin unhealthy. Fortunately, in recent years smoking has received a lot of publicity, and fewer people smoke nowadays. Some companies don’t employ people who are smokers. Smoking has been banned in many public places because everyone agrees it does harm to our health. I don’t smoke, because I don’t want to have unhealthy skin and teeth and die young.

Smoking and drinking are joined by less dangerous habits, such as skipping meals, eating unhealthy food, or even overeating. Of course, they are not quite as deadly as smoking or drinking alcohol, but they also affect our health.

If we eat too much, we’ll become obese, and obesity leads to serious health problems. A lot of people like drinking cola and coffee, and enjoys pizzas and hamburgers. But what is tasty is not always healthy. Fast food makes you fat, that’s why Americans are the fattest people in the world.

In recent years eating habits have undergone a change. People are encouraged to eat less fat and more fibre. Fat is believed to be one of the major causes of obesity and heart disease. High fibre and low fat foods can now be found in all shops and supermarkets. Salads, beans, and fruit have taken the place of steak and ice-cream. The fashion for health food is growing all the time. Many people feel, they are too fat, even if their doctors disagree. And a lot of people try to improve their fitness. There are a lot of ways to lose weight and avoid gaining it. Perhaps, the most popular of them is following a diet. If you want to lose weight, you should cut out snacks and desserts, and cut down on fat. People have also become more aware of calories, the energy value of food. Some people count the number of calories they eat every day; so that they can try to take in fewer calories and lose weight. /this is called a calorie-controlled diet. Manufactures are increasingly producing special foods with fewer calories for slimmers.

But excessive dieting may be dangerous, too. Some people refuse to eat meat as they consider it harmful. They say a vegetarian diet reduces the risk of cancer and vegetarians live longer than others. I can’t agree with them, because meat is an excellent source of good nutrition. In my opinion, it’s wrong to put down a food simply because excessive amounts can cause health problems. Consumed in moderate amounts, meat is perfectly good for our health.

To my mind, the only way to stay healthy and to keep fit is going in for spots. Among the benefits of regular exercise are a healthier heart, stronger bones, quicker reaction times and more resistance to various illness. Besides, you can eat and drink as much as you want because you are burning it all off. To be healthy, it is also very important to spend a lot of time in the open air. It is useful to go for a walk before going to bed, or to the room.

I think it is very important to be fit and healthy, and it is necessary to take care of your health. Being fat, in fact, can cause real problems.It is harder for fat people to get a good job, or even to make friends. If you want to do well, you must be thin. That’s why I go in for sports on a regular basis. I have been doing aerobics for three years and I feel great. I’m not enthusiastic about strict dieting, but I try to eat only low-fat food,fruit and vegetables which are rich in vitamins. Personally I believe that regularity in life promotes our health. Sleeping eight or nine hours, getting up early, regular meals, a healthy diet, and going in for sports is really a good way to live.



Список использованной литературы:

1.Дополнительные упражнения по английскому языку к учебнику Кузовлева В.П. «English-9» 2003г

2.»Английский язык», приложение к газете « Первое сентября» , №18 2003г.

3. «Открывая мир с английским языком» Юнёва С.А.- Чтение и Письмо. Готовимся к ЕГЭ. М. 2010г.

4. Сборник тренировочных и проверочных заданий. Веселова Ю.С. Английский язык 8 класс.

Английский язык. 9 класс. (в Формате ЕГЭ) М. 2009г.

5. Учебное пособие для подготовки к ЕГЭ по английскому языку. Кузеванова Н.И., Талзи Л.В. “Exam

Drive”.

Сведения об авторе разработки урока:

  1. Бойко Ирина Ивановна, 14.08.1959г. 52г. педагогический стаж -27лет, высшая категория,

Образование- высшее, Дальневосточный государственный университет ,

Учитель английского языка, преподаю в 6х-11х классах Муниципального образовательного казенного

учреждения «Галенковская средняя общеобразовательная школа»

Адрес школы: 692564 с. Галёнки Октябрьского района Приморского края ул.Советская, 190

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