Презентация на тему Australian Wildlife


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Слайды презентации

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 Mammals – Mammals – млекопитающие млекопитающие  Insects - Insects - насекомые насекомые  Reptiles - Reptiles - пресмыкающиеся пресмыкающиеся  Amphibians – Amphibians – земноводные земноводные  Marsupials – Marsupials – сумчатые сумчатые  Monotremes - Monotremes - одноапертурные одноапертурные  Placentals - Placentals - плацентарные плацентарные  Diversity - Diversity - разнообразие разнообразие  To lay eggs - To lay eggs - откладывать откладывать яйца яйца  Abdorminal pouch - Abdorminal pouch - сумка. мешочек сумка. мешочек на животе на животе  Immature - Immature - незрелый незрелый
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 Hind legs – Hind legs – задние ноги задние ноги  Munch - Munch - жевать жевать  Suckle - Suckle - выкармливать выкармливать  Tame - Tame - ручной ручной  Endemic – Endemic – свойственный свойственный данной местности данной местности  Herbirous – Herbirous – травоядный травоядный  Tiny – Tiny – крошечный крошечный  Species – Species – виды виды  Soft shelled Soft shelled ( ( eggs eggs ) ) – – в в мягкой оболочке мягкой оболочке  Descend – Descend – происходить от… происходить от…
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Australia Australia is famous for its many unusual animals. If you visit, is famous for its many unusual animals. If you visit, you might see a kangaroo hop past. Kangaroos use their you might see a kangaroo hop past. Kangaroos use their powerful hind legs to hop at speeds up to 30 miles per hour powerful hind legs to hop at speeds up to 30 miles per hour (48 kilometers per hour)! If you look up in a eucalyptus (48 kilometers per hour)! If you look up in a eucalyptus tree, you might see a koala happily munching on leaves. tree, you might see a koala happily munching on leaves. Koalas resemble small bears, but they are not related to Koalas resemble small bears, but they are not related to bears. bears. Even the names of the animals in Australia are strange. Can Even the names of the animals in Australia are strange. Can you imagine seeing a wallaby, wombat, quokka, bandicoot, you imagine seeing a wallaby, wombat, quokka, bandicoot, dingo, or Tasmanian devil? The most unusual animal might dingo, or Tasmanian devil? The most unusual animal might be the platypus. It has a body like an otter and a bill like a be the platypus. It has a body like an otter and a bill like a duck. duck.
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A large proportion of Australia’s native animal species exist A large proportion of Australia’s native animal species exist nowhere else in the world. Of Australia’s animal species, it is nowhere else in the world. Of Australia’s animal species, it is estimated that 84 percent of mammals, 89 percent of reptiles, estimated that 84 percent of mammals, 89 percent of reptiles, 93 percent of frogs, and 45 percent of birds are endemic. 93 percent of frogs, and 45 percent of birds are endemic. Australia has nearly half a million species of plants and Australia has nearly half a million species of plants and animals – one of the greatest varieties of any country in the animals – one of the greatest varieties of any country in the world. world.
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Uluru is one of the biggest rocks in the world. It measures about 2.2 miles (3.6 kilometers) long!
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Mammals Mammals all produce milk to suckle their young. Mammals all produce milk to suckle their young. Mammals have fur or hair. There are three types of mammals and have fur or hair. There are three types of mammals and examples of each type are found in Australia. examples of each type are found in Australia.  Monotremes Monotremes are mammals are mammals that lay soft shelled eggs. that lay soft shelled eggs.  Marsupials Marsupials are mammals that are mammals that give birth to young which are give birth to young which are in immature state. Females in immature state. Females often carry them in pouches. often carry them in pouches.  Placentals Placentals are the mammals are the mammals whose young are born in a whose young are born in a more developed state, and more developed state, and produce a placenta. produce a placenta.
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Monotreme, common name applied to a group of egg-laying Monotreme, common name applied to a group of egg-laying mammals, including the platypus, or duckbill, and the mammals, including the platypus, or duckbill, and the echidnas, or spiny anteaters. echidnas, or spiny anteaters. Platypus Platypus Short-Beaked Echidna Short-Beaked Echidna
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The term marsupial refers to a group of mammals that are The term marsupial refers to a group of mammals that are distinguished by their ability to carry their young in an distinguished by their ability to carry their young in an abdominal pouch for a period of time following birth. abdominal pouch for a period of time following birth. Including such animals as the kangaroo, opossum, koala, Including such animals as the kangaroo, opossum, koala, bandicoot, and Tasmanian devil, the greater majority of bandicoot, and Tasmanian devil, the greater majority of marsupials are restricted in their distribution to Australia. marsupials are restricted in their distribution to Australia. Wombat Wombat Bandicoot Bandicoot Numbat Numbat
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Eucalyptus Forest Eucalyptus Forest The koala is one of Australia’s native marsupials. The koala is one of Australia’s native marsupials. These mammals carry their babies in pouches. These mammals carry their babies in pouches. Koalas live only in eucalyptus forests Koalas live only in eucalyptus forests
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Marsupials are mammals that carry their young Marsupials are mammals that carry their young around in a pouch outside their body. around in a pouch outside their body. The phalanger The phalanger Tasmanian Devil Tasmanian Devil Wallaby in Pouch Wallaby in Pouch Mulgara-marsupial mouse Mulgara-marsupial mouse
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The best-known marsupials The best-known marsupials of Australia are the of Australia are the kangaroos, which include kangaroos, which include about 50 species. Kangaroos about 50 species. Kangaroos are herbivores. They dwell in are herbivores. They dwell in many areas of the country, many areas of the country, and some have become so and some have become so accustomed to humans they accustomed to humans they can be considered tame. The can be considered tame. The large red or grey kangaroo large red or grey kangaroo may stand as high as 2 m (7 may stand as high as 2 m (7 ft) and can leap up to 9 m (30 ft) and can leap up to 9 m (30 ft). The wallaby and kangaroo ft). The wallaby and kangaroo rat are smaller members of rat are smaller members of the kangaroo family. the kangaroo family. Lumholtz’s Tree Kangaroo Lumholtz’s Tree Kangaroo Red kangaroo and Joey Red kangaroo and Joey
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A baby kangaroo is called a joey. It lives in its mother’s pouch A baby kangaroo is called a joey. It lives in its mother’s pouch until it’s old enough to move around on its own. until it’s old enough to move around on its own. The kangaroo, a native Australian mammal, has powerful hind The kangaroo, a native Australian mammal, has powerful hind legs that allow the animal to jump as far as 5 m (16 ft) in a legs that allow the animal to jump as far as 5 m (16 ft) in a single leap. Its tail, which may be as long as 1.5 m (4 ft), is single leap. Its tail, which may be as long as 1.5 m (4 ft), is used for balance while jumping. used for balance while jumping.
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The dingo, which inhabits The dingo, which inhabits only Australia, probably only Australia, probably descends from Asian descends from Asian domesticated dogs brought domesticated dogs brought to Australia by prehistoric to Australia by prehistoric peoples. peoples. Dingo Dingo Regarded by many as an Regarded by many as an emblem of Australia, the emblem of Australia, the dingo is in fact a dingo is in fact a comparative newcomer, comparative newcomer, having arrived between having arrived between 3,000 and 8,000 years ago 3,000 and 8,000 years ago in the company of in the company of Aboriginal people. Aboriginal people.
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Fairfax Island, the Great Barrier Reef Fairfax Island, the Great Barrier Reef The Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef in the world. It The Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef in the world. It extends for about 2010 km (about 1250 mi) along the extends for about 2010 km (about 1250 mi) along the northeastern coast of Australia and is actually a chain of more northeastern coast of Australia and is actually a chain of more than 2500 reefs and several small islands. than 2500 reefs and several small islands.
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Parts of Australia’s Great Barrier Parts of Australia’s Great Barrier Reef began to form as many Reef began to form as many as 2 million years ago. Most of as 2 million years ago. Most of the reef, however, has built the reef, however, has built up during the past 8,000 up during the past 8,000 years. The largest of its kind years. The largest of its kind and one of the world’s most and one of the world’s most impressive natural wonders, impressive natural wonders, the reef stretches south from the reef stretches south from Cape York Peninsula about Cape York Peninsula about 2,010 km (about 1,250 mi). 2,010 km (about 1,250 mi). Conditions for coral growth Conditions for coral growth are ideal, and the water is are ideal, and the water is usually crystal clear. Most of usually crystal clear. Most of the reef is protected in the the reef is protected in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, the largest marine park Park, the largest marine park in the in the world. world.
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Coral reefs are made up of the skeletons of tiny Coral reefs are made up of the skeletons of tiny marine animals called polyps, or corals. marine animals called polyps, or corals.
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The waters surrounding Australia support a wide variety of fish The waters surrounding Australia support a wide variety of fish and aquatic mammals. and aquatic mammals. Australia has about 3,000 spesies of Australia has about 3,000 spesies of marine and freshwater fish. marine and freshwater fish.
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Great White Shark Great White Shark Dolphin Dolphin Blue Whale Blue Whale
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The octopus is a soft-bodied animal that lives in the sea. The octopus is a soft-bodied animal that lives in the sea. Octopuses have eight arms, or tentacles. Octopuses have eight arms, or tentacles. Octopus Eye Octopus Eye
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Australia is the home of 649 known species of birds, ranging Australia is the home of 649 known species of birds, ranging from archaic types, such as the giant, flightless emu and from archaic types, such as the giant, flightless emu and cassowary, to highly developed species. cassowary, to highly developed species.
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Laughing Kookaburra Laughing Kookaburra of Australia of Australia This well-known bird of This well-known bird of woodlands and farmlands woodlands and farmlands in Australia emits fiendish in Australia emits fiendish screams, which sound like screams, which sound like laughter, at dawn and laughter, at dawn and sunset. sunset. Emu Emu The emu is a large flightless The emu is a large flightless bird native to Australia. Emus bird native to Australia. Emus roam the western half of the roam the western half of the continent in mass movements continent in mass movements that may involve as many as that may involve as many as 70,000 birds 70,000 birds
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Cockatiels, a type Cockatiels, a type of parrot native to of parrot native to Australia Australia 17 species of birds found in 17 species of birds found in Australia Australia Cockatoo Cockatoo
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Pictured here are ( Pictured here are ( top, left to right top, left to right ) the chameleon, glass ) the chameleon, glass snake, monitor, ( snake, monitor, ( bottom bottom ) iguana, Gila monster, and gecko. ) iguana, Gila monster, and gecko.
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Australia’s indigenous amphibians are modest in number due Australia’s indigenous amphibians are modest in number due to the prevailingly dry climate. However, some have developed to the prevailingly dry climate. However, some have developed ways to survive the harsh climate of the Australian outback. ways to survive the harsh climate of the Australian outback.
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В презентации использованы: Учебник английйского языка»Счастливый английский – 3» Татьяна Борисовна Климентьева, Джилл Шэннон «Титул» 1998 г. Электронная энциклопедия « Encarta 2006 »

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