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Презентация на тему Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies

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Дата добавления: 20-01-2019
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Слайды презентации

Слайд 1: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
Слайд 1

Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies

Chapter 1 The Sociology of Sport: What Is It and Why Study It?

Слайд 2: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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Sports Are Social Phenomena

Sports are related to the social and cultural contexts in which we live Sports provide stories & images used to explain & evaluate these contexts Sports provide a window into culture and society

Слайд 3: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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SOCIOLOGY is a tool for studying sports in society

Sociology provides useful Concepts Theories Research methods These tools enable us to “see” behavior as it connected with history, politics, economics, and social life

Слайд 4: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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CULTURE

Consists of the “ways of life” people create in a group or society These ways of life are created and changed as people interact with each other, as they come to terms with, and even struggle over how to Do things and organize their lives Relate to each other Make sense out of their experiences

Слайд 5: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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SOCIETY

A collection of people Living in a defined geographical territory United through a political system a shared sense of self-identification that distinguishes them from other people.

Слайд 6: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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SOCIOLOGY Vs. PSYCHOLOGY

Psychologists study behavior in terms of attributes & processes that exist inside individuals Sociologists study behavior in terms of the social conditions and cultural contexts in which people live their lives

Слайд 7: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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Critical thinking about sports helps us

Identify & understand social problems and social issues associated with sports Look beyond scores to see sports as social phenomena Make informed choices about sport participation and the place of sports in our lives Transform sports in progressive ways

Слайд 8: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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SOCIOLOGY may lead to controversial recommendations

Sociological research may produce findings that suggest changes in the organization of sports and the organization of social life Those who benefit from the status quo may be threatened by these research findings

Слайд 9: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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Why study sports as social phenomena?

Sports activities and images are part of people’s lives Sports are connected with ideologies in society i.e., the “viewpoints” that underlie people’s feelings, thoughts, and actions Sports are connected with major spheres of social life such as: family, economy, media, politics, education, & religion

Слайд 10: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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Ideologies

The sets of interrelated ideas that people use To give meaning to the world To make sense of the world To identify what is important, right, and natural in that world

Слайд 11: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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The characteristics of Ideologies are:

They are never established “once and for all time” They emerge as people struggle over the meaning and organization of social life They are complex and sometimes inconsistent They change as power relationships change in society

Слайд 12: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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“Dominant Ideology”

Represents the perspectives and ideas favored by people who have power and influence in society Dominant ideologies serve the interests of people with power and influence

Слайд 13: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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Gender Ideology refers to

A set of interrelated ideas about masculinity, femininity, and relationships between men and women Dominant Gender ldeology consists of prevailing notions of “common sense” about maleness and femaleness in a group or society

Слайд 14: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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Racial Ideology refers to

A set of interrelated ideas that people use to give meaning to skin color and to evaluate people in terms of racial classifications Dominant Racial Ideology consists of prevailing ideas about the meanings of skin color and the characteristics of people classified in various racial categories

Слайд 15: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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Sports are connected with major spheres of social life Family Economy Media Politics Education Religion

Слайд 16: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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Major Professional Organizations in the Sociology of Sport :

The International Sociology of Sport Association (ISSA) The North American Society for the Sociology of Sport (NASSS) The Sport Sociology Academy (SSA) in AAHPERD (American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance)

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Disagreements in the Sociology of Sport

Scholars in the field see themselves as Sport sociologists concerned with sport science issues Sociologists concerned with social and cultural issues Scholars may see themselves as professional experts (interested in consulting and the application of knowledge to improve sports) critical sociologists (interested in social & cultural transformation), or knowledge builders (interested in using research to accumulate knowledge about social life)

Слайд 18: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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SPORT Is Defined by Some Scholars As Activities That Are

Physical Competitive Institutionalized Motivated by a combination of internal & external rewards

Слайд 19: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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Institutionalization Occurs When

Rules become standardized Official agencies enforce rules Organizational & technical aspects of the activity become important Learning game skills becomes formalized

Слайд 20: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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Play vs. Dramatic Spectacle

Play involves expressive activity done for its own sake; it is often spontaneous and guided by informal, emergent norms Dramatic Spectacle involves performances to entertain an audience for the purpose of obtaining rewards

Слайд 21: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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An Alternative Approach to Defining Sports:

Determine what activities are identified as sports in a society Determine whose sports count the most when it comes to obtaining support and resources

Слайд 22: Презентация Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies
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SPORTS are contested activities

This means that there are struggles over: The meaning, purpose, & organization of sports Who will participate and the conditions under which sport participation occurs How sports will be sponsored, and what the reasons for sponsorship will be

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