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S S tory trade tory trade S S Classically, there were only three professions: Divinity, Medicine, and Law. The Classically, there were only three professions: Divinity, Medicine, and Law. The main milestones which mark an occupation being identified as a profession are: main milestones which mark an occupation being identified as a profession are: 1.It became a full-time occupation; 1.It became a full-time occupation; 2.The first training school was established; 2.The first training school was established; 3.The first university school was established; 3.The first university school was established; 4.The first local association was established; 4.The first local association was established; 5.The first national association was established; 5.The first national association was established; 6.The codes of professional ethics were introduced; 6.The codes of professional ethics were introduced; 7.State licensing laws were established. 7.State licensing laws were established. With the rise of technology and occupational specialization in the 19th century, With the rise of technology and occupational specialization in the 19th century, other bodies began to claim professional status: Pharmacy, Veterinary Medicine, other bodies began to claim professional status: Pharmacy, Veterinary Medicine, Nursing, Teaching, Librarianship, Optometry and Social Work, all of which could Nursing, Teaching, Librarianship, Optometry and Social Work, all of which could claim, using these milestones, to be professions by 1900. claim, using these milestones, to be professions by 1900.
Actuary Actuary An actuary is a An actuary is a business professional business professional who deals with the who deals with the financial impact of risk financial impact of risk and uncertainty. and uncertainty. Actuaries provide Actuaries provide expert assessments of expert assessments of financial security financial security systems, with a focus systems, with a focus on their complexity, on their complexity, their mathematics, their mathematics, and their mechanisms. and their mechanisms.
Accountant Accountant An accountant is a An accountant is a practitioner of practitioner of accounting , which is the accounting , which is the measurement, measurement, disclosure or provision of disclosure or provision of assurance about assurance about financial information that financial information that helps managers, helps managers, investors, tax authorities investors, tax authorities and others make and others make decisions about decisions about allocating resources. allocating resources.
Stockbroker Stockbroker A stock broker or A stock broker or stockbroker is a regulated stockbroker is a regulated professional broker who professional broker who buys and sells shares buys and sells shares and other securities and other securities through market makers or through market makers or Agency Only Firms on Agency Only Firms on behalf of investors. A behalf of investors. A broker may be employed broker may be employed by a brokerage firm. by a brokerage firm.
Q Q uantity surveyor uantity surveyor A quantity surveyor (QS) is a professional working within A quantity surveyor (QS) is a professional working within the construction industry concerned with building costs. the construction industry concerned with building costs. The profession is one that provides a qualification gained The profession is one that provides a qualification gained following formal education, specific training and experience following formal education, specific training and experience that provides a general set of skills that are then applied to that provides a general set of skills that are then applied to a diverse variety of problems. a diverse variety of problems.
Trader In finance, a trader is someone who buys and sells financial instruments such as stocks, bonds, commodities and derivatives. A broker who simply fills buy or sell orders is not a trader, as they are merely executing instructions given to them.
Economist Economist An economist is a An economist is a professional in the social professional in the social science discipline of science discipline of economics. The individual economics. The individual may also study, develop, may also study, develop, and apply theories and and apply theories and concepts from economics. concepts from economics. Within this field there are Within this field there are many sub-fields, ranging many sub-fields, ranging from the broad from the broad philosophical theories to philosophical theories to the focused study of the focused study of minutiae within specific minutiae within specific markets. markets.
Financier Financier Financier is a term Financier is a term for a person who for a person who handles typically large handles typically large sums of money, sums of money, usually involving usually involving money lending, money lending, financing projects, financing projects, large-scale investing, large-scale investing, or large-scale money or large-scale money management. management.
Medical profession Medical profession Dentist Dentist Feldsher Feldsher Neurologist Neurologist Nurse Nurse Nutritionist Nutritionist O O culist culist O O ncologist ncologist Pharmacist Pharmacist Podiatrists Podiatrists S S peech therapist peech therapist Surgeon Surgeon T T oxicologist oxicologist U U rologist rologist Veterinarian Veterinarian
Veterinarian Veterinarian Veterinarians have the power to give an animal smile. Veterinarians have the power to give an animal smile. A veterinarian or a A veterinarian or a veterinary surgeon is a veterinary surgeon is a doctor who treats non- doctor who treats non- human animals and a human animals and a practitioner of practitioner of veterinary medicine. veterinary medicine. Like physicians and Like physicians and animal therapists, animal therapists, veterinarians must make veterinarians must make ethical decisions about ethical decisions about their patients' care. their patients' care.
Nurse • Nurses perform a wide range of clinical and non-clinical functions necessary to the delivery of health care. • A nurse is a healthcare professional who, in collaboration with other members of a health care team, is responsible for: treatment, safety, and recovery of ill individuals; health promotion and maintenance within families and populations; and, treatment of life-threatening emergencies in a wide range of health care settings.
Neurologist Neurologist Pediatric neurologists treat Pediatric neurologists treat neurological disease in neurological disease in children. children. A neurologist is a physician who A neurologist is a physician who specializes in neurology, and is trained specializes in neurology, and is trained to investigate, or diagnose and treat to investigate, or diagnose and treat neurological disorders. neurological disorders.
Surgeon Surgeon In medicine, a surgeon In medicine, a surgeon is a specialist in is a specialist in surgery. Surgery is a surgery. Surgery is a broad category of broad category of invasive medical invasive medical treatment that involves treatment that involves the cutting of a body, the cutting of a body, whether human or whether human or animal, for a specific animal, for a specific reason such as the reason such as the removal of diseased removal of diseased tissue or to repair a tissue or to repair a tear or breakage. tear or breakage.
Dentist A dentist, also known as a 'dental surgeon', is a doctor that specializes in the diagnosis prevention and treatment of diseases and conditions of the oral cavity. The dentist's supporting team aides in providing oral health services.
Feldsher Feldsher • Feldsher is the name of a medical/healthcare Feldsher is the name of a medical/healthcare professional who provides many medical services in professional who provides many medical services in Russia mainly in rural areas. Russia mainly in rural areas. • Feldsher is an equivalent to Feldsher is an equivalent to Physician Assistant in the Physician Assistant in the USA. USA. • Feldsher actually means Feldsher actually means barber, and was based on barber, and was based on the surgeons-barbers in the the surgeons-barbers in the Russian Army going back to Russian Army going back to the 17th century. the 17th century.
Pharmacists Pharmacists are health professionals who practice the science of pharmacy. Pharmacists also participate in disease-state management, where they optimize and monitor the drug therapy or interpret medical laboratory results – in collaboration with physicians and/or other health professionals.
Teachers' profession and p rofession s cience • Educator • Head teacher • Lecturer • P sychologist • Pro-rector • Rector • Teacher • A rchaeologist • C hemist • Egyptologist • Inventor • Philosopher • Scientist • Z oologist
Head teacher A head teacher or school principal (also known as headteacher, headmaster, often in Scotland the heedie, headmistress, or the head) is the most senior teacher and leader of a school.
Rector The word rector ("ruler", from the Latin regere and rector meaning "teacher" in Latin) has a number of different meanings; they indicate an academic, religious or political administrator. The word is related to rectrix ("helmsman"), one of a bird's tail feathers.
Teacher In education, a teacher is a person who provides schooling for pupils and students. The role of teacher is often formal and ongoing, carried out by way of occupation or profession at a school or other place of formal education.
Scientist A scientist in a broad sense is one engaging in a systematic activity to acquire knowledge. In a more restricted sense, a scientist is an individual who uses the scientific method. The person may be an expert in one or more areas of science.
Archivist An archivist is a professional who assesses, collects, organizes, preserves, maintains control over, and provides access to information determined to have long-term value. The information maintained by an archivist can be any form of media As Richard Pearce-Moses wrote, "Archivists keep records that have enduring value as reliable memories of the past, and they help people find and understand the information they need in those records."
Historian A historian is an individual who studies and writes about history, and is regarded as an authority on it. Historians are concerned with the continuous, methodical narrative and research of past events as relating to the human race; as well as the study of all events in time.
Mathematician Archimedes was among the greatest mathematicians of antiquity. A mathematician is a person whose primary area study is the field of mathematics. Mathematicians are concerned with logic, space, transformations, numbers and more general ideas which encompass these concepts.
T hanks for viewing Olha Stepanchenko 2011 Myronivka
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