Конспект урока «У. Шекспир. Краткие сведения об авторе. Обзор творчества драматурга» по английскому языку
План-конспект урока № 2
по теме «У. Шекспир. Краткие сведения об авторе.
Обзор творчества драматурга»
Цели: 1. Развитие умений говорения на основе прочитанного текста.
2. Развитие умений аудирования с полным пониманием на слух текста.
3. Развитие умений чтения с полным пониманием содержания текста.
1. Учить высказываться по теме.
2. Учить полностью понимать на слух текст.
3. Учить читать текст с полным пониманием содержания.
Оборудование: медиапректор, компьютер, раздаточный материал.
1. Организационное начало урока.
-Look at the board. Do you know that man? Who is he?
-Today we are going to speak about one of the greatest English poet William Shakespeare. It is impossible to speak about the English literature without speaking about this author. William Shakespeare… The brilliant poet, the marvelous dramatist, the greatest of the great. He was not of an age, but for all time. Every new generation of people find in his works something important. Many people know and like his works.
-Let’s repeat some words.
3. Речевая зарядка
-What words are associated with the name of W. Shakespeare?
I suggest … is associated with the name of
believe are W. Shakespeare
tragedies, comedies, sonnets, Globe Theatre, Stratford-on-Avon, “Romeo and Juliet”, “Hamlet”, love history
4. Развитие навыков чтения с полным пониманием прочитанного.
4.1) Read the information about William Shakespeare. According to the text mark the statements 1-8 true (T) or false (F).
The name of William Shakespeare is known all over the world. The last half of the 16th and the beginning of the 17th centuries are known as the Golden Age of English Renaissance and sometimes are called “The Age of Shakespeare”. People often call Sh. “Our National Bard”, “The Immortal Poet of Nature”. We really know few facts of his life and many of them are doubtful. But some facts are known to us and are proved by documents.
The first fact of Shakespeare`s biography are that he was born on April 23, 1564 in Stradford-on-Avon.. His father was a glove-maker. His mother was a daughter of a rich farmer in the village of Wilmcote.
William went to a grammar school and had quite a good education. We also know that being 18 years old, William married Anne Hathaway, who was 9 years older that himself. They had a daughter Susanna and twins – son Hamnet and daughter Judith.
It`s known that in 1567 Sh. went to London to find a job, where he began writing plays staged at the Globe Theatre. By 1592 he had been an important member of a well-known acting company.
It is known that only in 1616 at the height of his fame Sh. returned to Stratford where in April 23, 1616 he died. He was buried in a fine old church in Stratford.
He wrote аbout 37 plays, many books and poems. English people are proud of Shakespeare.
1. Shakespeare was born in the 17th century.
(No, it isn’t true. He was born in the 16th century, in 1564)
2. William got a good education in London.
(It’s not true. He got his education in the Grammar school in Stratford.)
3. William married late. His wife was younger than him.
(It’s false. He married when he was 18. His wife was 9 years older then himself)
4. William Shakespeare had three children: a daughter Susanna and twin sons.
(He really had 3 children: a daughter Susanna and twins, but they were a a daughter Judith and a son Hamnet.)
5. His wife Anne Hathaway loved theatre very much.
(No, it’s not true. His wife didn’t love theatre.)
6. Shakespeare never acted on the stage.
(It’s not true. William acted his plays himself.)
7. Shakespeare died in London and was buried in Westminster Abbey.
(It’s false. He died in Stratford-on-Avon and was buried in the Holy Trinity Church in Stratford.)
8. Shakespeare wrote 37 plays, 154 sonnets.
4.2) Let’s continue my sentences.
1) W. Shakespeare is one of the … (greatest and most famous writers in the world.)
2) Wiliam was sent … (to the local grammar school.)
3) When he had a break William liked to go … (to the forest and to the river Avon).
4) He decided to become … (an actor).
5) Shakespeare was both … (an actor and a playwright)
6) His plays were staged … (in many theatres).
7) The writer’s most famous plays are … (“Othello”, “King Lear”, “Hamlet” and “Romeo and Juliet”).
8) His plays are still … (popular and millions of people admire them.)
9) Shakespeare died … (in 1616).
5. Развитие навыков говорения на основе прочитанного текста
Let us summarize the information about the biography of this great man. How much do we know about the life of this great man?
P1: Although the name of William Shakespeare is well-known in the world, we know very little about his life. He was born on April 23rd, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon. His mother, Marry Arden, was a daughter of a farmer. His father John Shakespeare was a glove-maker who had an office in Stratford-upon-Avon.
P2: Little is known about William’s childhood. He got his education at the Grammar school.
He got married in 1582 to Anne Hathaway and had three children, Susannah, the eldest, then twins- a son Hamnet, and another girl, Judith.
P3: William lived in Stratford until he was twenty-one, when he went to London. We don’t know exactly why he did it. Some people say that the reason was his love of poetry and theatre.There is a story that Shakespeare’s first work in London was holding rich men’s horses at the theatre door. But nobody can say whether this story is true.
P4: Later, Shakespeare became an actor and a member of one of the big acting companies. Soon he began to write plays for his company and in a few years he became a well-known author.
P5: Shakespeare’s work as an actor (although he usually acted only small parts) helped him greatly in writing of his plays. He knew the stage and that helped him to write the most wonderful plays ever written.
6. Развитие навыков говорения, лексико-грамматических навыков по теме (знакомство с названиями произведений У.Шекспира)
-When people mention Shakespeare’s name they do not usually think about his biography, they think about a great number of his works that are known to many people all over the world.
-What things did Shakespeare write?
-His plays are divided into comedies and tragedies. Can you name any of them? Read some definitions (ученики читаю определения вслух).
-Try to guess which of them are tragedies and which are comedies. Find out what these plays are called in Russian.
"The Comedy of Errors" (1593)
"All's Well that Ends Well" (1603)
"A Midsummer Night's Dream" (1596)
"Twelfth Night" (1600)
"Hamlet, Prince of Denmark" (1601)
"King Lear" (1606)
"Romeo and Juliet" (1595)
- Look at the list of Shakespeare’s great plays and say when they were written?
…. Was / were + V3 …
"Romeo and Juliet" was written in 1595
6. Аудирование. “To be, or not to be?”
-You are going to watch and to listen to an extract from a famous play. Do you know its name? Who is the main character?
Быть или не быть - таков вопрос;
Что благородней духом - покоряться
Пращам и стрелам яростной судьбы
Иль, ополчасъ на море смут, сразить их
Противоборством? Умереть, уснуть –
И только; и сказать, что сном кончаешь
Тоску и тысячу природных мук,
Наследье плоти, - как такой развязки
Не жаждать? Умереть, уснуть, —
(перевод М. Лозинского)
P: It’s “Hamlet”. Hamlet is the main character.
7. Развитие лексических навыков.
-“To be, or not to be; that is the question” This quotation is known to everybody, but there are a lot of other famous quotations and interesting expressions from Shakespeare’s plays. Here are the cards with some quotations from his plays.
-Your task is to find Russian equivalents to the quotations.
The beginning of the end. - Начало конца.
The whirligig of time. - Превратности судьбы.
There's the rub. - Вот в чем загвоздка.
All is well that ends well. - Все хорошо, что хорошо кончается.
Life is not all cakes and ale. - Жизнь прожить - не поле перейти.
Much ado about nothing. - Много шума из ничего.
Sweets to the sweet. - Прекрасное - прекрасной.
To win golden opinions. - Заслужить благоприятное мнение.
All the world’s a stage and all the men and women merely players. - Весь мир театр и люди в нём актёры.
-We can’t speak about Shakespeare without speaking about his sonnets. They are very beautiful and musical. Many of his sonnets have been translated in Russian by S. Marshak, a well-known Russian poet. He gave them a new life and a place in Russian poetry. And there are many songs and romances on Shakespeare’s words. Many famous singers in Russia perform them. Let’s listen to one of them.
It is very beautiful and lyrical, isn’t it?
And do you like it?
And what about you?
At the next lesson we are going to speak about Shakespeare’s sonnets in details. OK?
Your home task is to write a composition about W. Sh. and his works.
Dear friends, thank you for the lesson. You have learnt a lot of things about Shakespeare’s family, about his native town, about his place and his plays. You have seen an extract from the film «Hamlet». I think it was very interesting you will remember our lesson for a long time. Shakespeare was a great poet. He was “for all time”.
The lesson is over. Good-bye.
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