Презентация на тему ХМАО
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The influence of geography of KhMAO on people and their lifestyles By Chervyakova Victoriya Chirkova Anna Petrovskiy Maxim 10G 2011
The natural environment is very important in the lives of people. In fact, it is part of their daily lives. So, it’s not difficult to imagine how different daily life might be in different climates.
Population of KhMAO KhMAO is the tenth largest district of Russia. Due to the fact that the territory of KhMAO is remote and the climate is severe, the population is quite small for such a huge district.
The flag of KhMAO is blue, green and white. The green colour symbolizes the endless of the taiga forests of the region. The blue colour symbolizes the rivers and lakes of the region. In KhMAO there are about 30 000 rivers and 290 000 lakes. The white colour reminds of a long Siberian winter, because the winter lasts about 7 months a year. The Siberian crown is in the style of national ornament of Khanty-Mansi population.
The territory of the region is influenced by the ocean and the continent that’s why the climate is very changeable. The average January temperature is -18 to -24 degrees Celsius, the average July temperature is 15.7 to 18.4 degrees Celsius.
The climate of region is quite severe and changeable. That’s why people don’t leave homes whithout some warm item of clothes, even in summer. In winter people wear warm fur coats and high boots.
The influence of climate on the life of people
The main cities of the district are; Kogalym, Langepas, Megion, Nefteyugansk, Nizhnevartovsk, Nyagan, Pokachi, Pyt-Yah, Raduzhniy, Surgut, Uray, KhantyMansiysk, Yugorsk.
Due to the fact that the development of the region began in 1964, the cities are young and modern.
Khanty and Mansi peoples have been living on this territory more than five thousand years ago. They have distinctive* and unique culture.
. Their customs and traditions are not only to keep the legends, tales, songs, stories generic, to inherent fundamental philosophy of perception of the world, man and nature, but also to live in harmony with the touching, fragile, although, at first glance, harsh nature of the North.
Thanks to the fact that the region is rich in oil, Yugra is one of the richest regions in Russia. The largest oil and gas fields are: Samotlor, Fyodorovskoye, Mamontovskoye, Ob.
KhMAO-largest oil-producing region of Russia
In 1964 oil was found in the district, that’s why the development of the region began.
Agriculture The natural conditions are not suitable for the development of agricultur in the district, that’s why most agricultural and food products are imported from other regions of Russia
Rivers and lakes are rich in valuable fish: Siberian sturgeon, sturgeon, salmon, peled, pike, perch, carp, burbot, sterlet